[tforum] [Fwd: [CAnet - news] Cyberinfrastructure Around the World]

Joe Breen Joe.Breen@utah.edu
Fri, 17 Feb 2006 13:29:24 -0700


The following article is a nice high level quick look at some of the 
cyberinfrastructure activities around the world.  The article also 
highlights some of the changes happening in technology and support of 
various discipline areas.  Enjoy, --Joe

-------- Original Message --------
Subject: [CAnet - news] Cyberinfrastructure Around the World
Date: Fri, 17 Feb 2006 09:26:46 -0500
From: Bill St.Arnaud <bill.st.arnaud@canarie.ca>
Reply-To: bill.st.arnaud@canarie.ca
To: news@canarie.ca

For more information on this item please visit the CANARIE CA*net 4 Optical
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[Some excerpts from HPCwire article-- BSA]

Cyberinfrastructure Around the World

   Cyberinfrastructure is now essential for advancing scientific
   discovery and the state-of-the-art in engineering. It doesn't matter
   whether it's the inner workings of the universe or the inner workings
   of the economy, the design of a new chemical process or the design of
   a new material, new insights into how cells function or the delivery
   of personalized medicine, the spawning of a tornado or planning urban
   development. The basic fact remains the same -- cyberinfrastructure is
   now a driver of science and engineering. Without it, science and
   engineering will not reach their full potential.

   But, science and engineering is a global activity. There is not an
   American chemistry and a French chemistry, nor is there a Japanese
   electrical engineering and a Brazilian electrical engineering.
   Scientists and engineers around the globe are focused on unraveling
   the secrets of nature and applying this hard gained knowledge to the
   betterment of humanity. Cyberinfrastructure must support this global
   activity. In fact, it is our belief that cyberinfrastructure, properly
   designed and constructed, will advance science and engineering as a
   global activity by facilitating access to resources and expertise
   wherever they are located.

   There are three intertwined strands of a global infrastructure:

   Cyberenvironments:  to provide researchers with the ability to access,
   integrate, automate, and manage complex, collaborative projects across
   disciplinary as well as geographical boundaries.

   Cyber-resources:  to ensure that the most demanding scientific and
   engineering problems can be solved and that the solutions are obtained
   in a timely manner.

   Cybereducation:  to ensure that the benefits of the national
   cyberinfrastructure are made available to educators and students
   throughout the country and the world.

   NSF's latest version of "Cyberinfrastructure Vision for 21st Century
   Discovery" was released on January 20, 2006. One of the guiding
   principles in this vision is "national and international partnerships,
   public and private, that integrate CI users and providers and benefit
   NSF's research and education communities are ... essential for
   enabling next-generation science and engineering."

   During his keynote address2 at NCSA's 20th Anniversary Celebration in
   January 2006 entitled, "Un-common sense: A recipe for a cyber planet,"
   Dr. Arden Bement, Director of the National Science Foundation,
   remarked that "cyberinfrastructure will take research and education to
   a new plane of discovery. It is critical for advancing knowledge in
   the face of a dynamic and changing global technological environment."
   In discussing issues related to global competition and sustaining the
   long history of technological leadership that the US has enjoyed, Dr.
   Bement provided some uncommon-sense advice: "We should pursue more
   global involvement, not less. The rapid spread of computers and
   information tools compels us to join hands across borders and
   disciplines if we want to stay in the race."


   The Australian Partnership for Advanced Computing (APAC) leads the
   Australian National Grid Program. This program encompasses the national
   facilities at APAC and the distributed partner sites, supporting
   distributed research on national and international levels. As you will
   read, the advanced communication infrastructure that is in place in
   Australia offers many opportunities for international collaborations.

   Brazilian efforts are described by Marco Raupp et. al in
   "Cyberinfrastructure supporting multidisciplinary science in Brazil."

   India's emerging nation-wide computational grid "GARUDA," which aims
   to aggregate distributed resources of research and academic
   institutions, is described by Mohan Ram and S. Ramakrishnan. The authors
also point to a couple of sample applications of
   national importance in India -- sensor networks and bioinformatics --
   that will be tackled using this infrastructure.

   Japan's Cyber Science Infrastructure (CSI) -- the next generation
   academic information environment, coordinated by the National
   Institute of Informatics in collaboration with Japanese universities
   and academic institutions -- is described by Masao Sakauchi et al.
   They describe Japan's academic networking and National Research Grid
   Initiative (NAREGI) as well as the provision of academic digital
   content for CSI.

   Korea's effort in the construction and utilization of
   cyberinfrastructure and its current status is described by Hyeongwoo
   Park et al. The phenomenal strides in broadband deployment and
   adoption in Korea and the advantages it provides for establishing a
   grid infrastructure, supporting middleware development, and for
   undertaking cutting-edge research in grids are described. The authors
   also discuss some sample e-Science projects.

   South Africa's article, "HPC in South Africa: Computing is support of
   African Development" by Rob Adam et al., describes the objectives and
   structure of the Center for High Performance Computing (CHPC) as an
   arm of the Meraka Institute that facilitates needs-based research and
   innovation. They discuss current progress in the establishment of
   CHPC, and its implications for linking research and innovation in
   addressing the needs of the South African society and economy with
   further reach into the continent of Africa and the world.

   "The Taiwan Cyberinfrastructure for Knowledge Innovation" article by
   Whey-Fone Tsai et al. addresses how Taiwan's twin projects, Knowledge
   Innovation National Grid (KING) and Advanced Research and Education
   Network (TWAREN), form the kernel of Taiwan's cyberinfrastructure and
   enable science and engineering innovation. The authors describe their
   development and deployment efforts in the various components of the
   cyberinfrastructure and in enabling grid applications in sensor
   networks and in ecological and environmental domains as well as
   community health.


   Enabling innovation and breakthrough science seem to be unifying
   themes across all institutions. Applications with a broader societal
   impact -- health and human life, drug design and discovery,
   bioinformatics, weather forecasting, climate change, environmental
   modeling, disaster management and mitigation, natural language
   processing, collecting, analyzing, mining and visualizing large
   volumes of data, and so on -- are where most of the demands and
   interest in the development and establishment of cyberinfrastructure
   rest.

   This article was provided courtesy of CTWatch. To read the complete
   issue of CTWatch Quarterly describing international
   cyberinfrastructure, visit http://www.ctwatch.org/quarterly/
   <http://www.ctwatch.org/quarterly/>.




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Bill.St.Arnaud@canarie.ca
www.canarie.ca/~bstarn
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