[library-media] SIRS September Challenge Quests

Paula Zsiray paula.zsiray@cache.k12.ut.us
Wed, 27 Aug 2003 14:33:09 -0600


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SIRS E-MAIL BULLETIN #24: CHALLENGE QUESTS
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Challenge Quests appear on all SIRS databases - To access, click on
SUGGESTED RESEARCH TOPICS under DATABASE FEATURES

-- Challenge Quests for September
-- Answers to August Challenge Quests

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SEPTEMBER CHALLENGE QUESTS
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SIRS RESEARCHER
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Top women's professional golfer Annika Sorenstam recently attracted
worldwide attention by playing in a men's PGA Tour event. However, she =
was
not the first woman to play in a PGA Tour event.

SEPTEMBER QUEST: Who was the first woman to play in the PGA Tour event?

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SIRS GOVERNMENT REPORTER
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Liberia is a small country on the West coast of Africa that was founded =
by
freed slaves from the United States in 1820. These freed slaves first
arrived in Liberia and established a settlement in Christopolis, now
Monrovia, on February 6, 1820.

SEPTEMBER QUEST: Who was Monrovia named after?

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SIRS RENAISSANCE
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Mark Twain's infamous novel "The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn," =
although
set in the 1840s, was published in the wake of the establishment of Jim =
Crow
laws in 1875 and amid the intensification of the Ku Klux Klan in the =
1880s.
The book stirred immediate controversy following its 1885 publication =
and in
1905 was removed from the Brooklyn Public Library. Although the harsh
criticism abated and "Huck Finn" was finally labeled a classic in the =
1930s,
controversy was again roused during the late 1950s-this time for =
different
reasons. The nature of this controversy continues today.

SEPTEMBER QUEST: What was the evolution of critical attention directed
toward "The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn"?

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SIRS DISCOVERER
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The Great Sphinx in Egypt has the head of a person and the body of a =
lion.
It is more than 60 feet tall, 240 feet long and has a face that is about =
13
feet wide. No one knows who built this colossal monument.

SEPTEMBER QUEST: Where in Egypt is the Great Sphinx located?

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ANSWERS TO AUGUST CHALLENGE QUESTS
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SIRS RESEARCHER
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This year marks the ninetieth anniversary of the ratification of a
Constitutional Amendment authorizing Congress the "power to lay and =
collect
taxes on incomes, from whatever source derived."

AUGUST QUEST: Which Amendment was this?

PATHFINDER

Subject Heading: U.S., Constitution, 16th Amendment

Keywords: Taxes AND Amendment AND 1913

Topic Browse: BUSINESS: Money

ANSWER: Sixteenth Amendment

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SIRS GOVERNMENT REPORTER
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Recent court rulings on the issue of affirmative action have prompted =
many
states, colleges, and universities to reassess their admissions and
financial aid programs in regard to the applicant's race, when trying to
create diversity on campus. Three states have adopted "percentage plans" =
to
achieve equal education opportunity.

AUGUST QUEST: Which three states have adopted "percentage plans?"

PATHFINDER

Subject Heading: Affirmative action programs

Keywords: affirmative action and "percentage plans"

Topic Browse: Domestic Affairs: Civil Rights: Education: Ethnic/Racial
Groups

ANSWER: The states of California, Texas and Florida have adopted =
"percentage
plans."

ARTICLE: "Beyond Percentage Plans: The Challenge of Equal.Executive
Summary," BEYOND PERCENTAGE PLANS: THE CHALLENGE OF EQUAL OPPORTUNITY IN
HIGHER EDUCATION, Nov. 2002

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SIRS RENAISSANCE
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The character of Richard III in William Shakespeare's history play =
"Richard
III" has fascinated literary scholars and theatrical actors alike. =
During
his quest for the crown of England, possessed by his brother Edward, =
Richard
murders, seduces or imprisons those who stand in his way. His evil =
nature
physically manifests as a deformed body: he lives with a twisted =
humpback, a
bad leg and a lifeless, shrunken arm. Despite Richard's iniquities, he =
can
be understood as a sympathetic villain.

AUGUST QUEST: In what famous scene does Shakespeare allow Richard a =
glimmer
of virtue?

PATHFINDER

Subject Headings:
Shakespeare, William (1564-1616), Criticism and interpretation =
Shakespeare,
William (1564-1616), Histories

Keyword: "Richard III"

Topic Browse:
LITERARY CORNER: English Literature (To 1785): Shakespeare, William
LITERATURE: Drama

ANSWER: During the battle at Bosworth, near the end of the play (Act 5,
Scene IV), Richard has lost his horse and is trapped, yet he persists. =
He
calls out the renowned line, "A horse! My kingdom for a horse!" Richard =
has
obtained the crown through vicious means; now he is willing to =
relinquish it
all for his life. This scene exposes the doomed, pathetic-and yes, even
sympathetic-figure that Richard has become.

ARTICLES:
"Shakespeare's Histories," BRITISH HERITAGE, Aug./Sept. 2001 "Flawed =
Heroes,
Sympathetic Villains," WRITER'S CHRONICLE, Oct./Nov. 1999

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SIRS DISCOVERER
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In 1954, nine African-American students enrolled at the all-white =
Central
High School in Arkansas. The Arkansas governor attempted to block the
students' entry into the school and the students needed the protection =
of
soldiers. The event became a critical turning point in American race
relations.

AUGUST QUEST: This group of students is now known as what?

PATHFINDER

Subject Headings:
Central High School (Little Rock, Ark.)
Segregation in education

Keywords: "Central High School" AND Arkansas AND soldiers

Subject Tree:
HISTORY & GOVERNMENT: United States of America: human & civil rights =
NOTABLE
PEOPLE: Human Rights Activists PERSONAL GROWTH: School & Education:
academics SOCIAL ISSUES: Ethnic & Race Relations SOCIAL ISSUES: Human &
Civil Rights: children's rights SOCIAL ISSUES: School & Education: =
academics
SOCIAL ISSUES: School & Education: integration

ANSWER: The Little Rock Nine

ARTICLES:
"The Little Rock Nine," BOYS' LIFE, Sept. 1997
"Honoring the Little Rock Nine: They Changed Everything," STUDENT =
BRIEFINGS,
Nov. 29, 1999

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products, please contact SIRS Customer Service at 1-800-232-7477 (press
"1"), e-mail custserve@sirs.com or visit our Web site at www.sirs.com.